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What Causes Gum Disease and How Can It Be Prevented?

March 11, 2024 9:00 am

Gum disease is one of the most prevalent oral health conditions, affecting nearly half of American adults over the age of thirty. Also known as periodontal disease, gum disease can lead to serious problems if left unchecked, including recessed gums, infection, and even tooth loss. Read more to learn what causes gum disease and how to prevent it and keep your smile healthy.

Causes of Gum Disease

When plaque and bacteria accumulate in the mouth, the soft tissues in your mouth can become irritated, inflamed, and infected. This early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis and, while it can be reversed with proper treatment, it’s vital to take decisive action to prevent the condition from worsening.

Some factors that can contribute to gum disease include:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Tobacco use
  • Vitamin deficiencies
  • Certain medical conditions
  • Genetics

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Early-stage gum disease, or gingivitis, often presents with symptoms such as red, swollen, or bleeding gums and persistent bad breath. Without proper treatment, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, leading to gum recession, pockets forming between the teeth and gums, and eventually bone loss, potentially resulting in loose or missing teeth.

Preventing Gum Disease

If all of this has you feeling concerned, don’t worry. Gum disease can be prevented by prioritizing a few healthy habits. First, brush and floss thoroughly twice a day to keep your teeth and gums clean. Avoid tobacco, maintain a balanced diet, and manage underlying health conditions. Finally, schedule routine dental checkups and professional cleanings to ensure that your smile stays in good condition.

Treating Gum Disease in Granbury, TX

If you suspect you may have gum disease or have additional questions, call Granbury Park Dental. Dr. Froude and the rest of our friendly team can provide more oral hygiene tips and guidance to help you achieve a beautiful, healthy smile. Contact us today!

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